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Chronicles of Faith and Politics: The Epic Tale of the Ram Mandir Movement

( Photo creadit – social Media )

Manoj Kumar Pathak

In the tapestry of India’s diverse cultural fabric, the Ram Mandir movement stands as a monumental thread, weaving together the spiritual devotion of millions with the intricate patterns of political maneuvering. The narrative unfolds against the backdrop of Ayodhya, where the auspicious date of January 22, 2024, marks a pivotal moment in the construction and consecration of the much-awaited Shri Ram Mandir. This saga is not just about bricks and mortar; it is a tapestry that intertwines the spiritual, social, and political dimensions of a nation.

At the heart of this narrative is the indomitable spirit of devotion to Lord Ram, personified by the millions who hold him dear in their hearts. The grandeur of Ram Ji’s devotees is an integral part of this story, where genuine reverence becomes the driving force behind a movement that transcends generations.

Ashok Singhal, a prominent figure in the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), took on the role of a lone warrior during the tumultuous times of the late ’80s and early ’90s. The Ayodhya of that era was witnessing the emergence of a fervent movement that sought to reclaim the birthplace of Lord Ram and build a temple in his honor. Singhal’s tireless efforts and unwavering commitment played a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of the Ram Mandir movement.

The political landscape during the movement was as complex as the socio-religious sentiments it aimed to address. In the corridors of power, Ashok Singhal and his team engaged in numerous dialogues with Mulayam Singh Yadav, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. These interactions were characterized by a genuine desire for cooperation and understanding. However, the political climate was far from harmonious, with leaders like Kanshi Ram and Mayawati actively opposing the momentum of the Ram Mandir awakening.

The period between 1980 and 1992 was marked by a curious absence of prominent faces in the forefront of the Ram Mandir movement. However, the absence of visible leaders did not diminish the groundswell of public awareness that was steadily building through the concerted efforts of individuals like Singhal. The movement was not just about the visible leaders; it was about the collective consciousness of a nation awakening to its cultural heritage.

As the VHP’s General Secretary, Singhal played a crucial role in fostering a sense of unity among various factions that supported the cause. His leadership style was characterized by a deep sense of commitment and a resolute determination to see the Ram Mandir become a reality. Singhal’s efforts were complemented by stalwarts such as Lal Krishna Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, and the overarching coordinator of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), Professor Rajendra Singh, fondly known as “Rajju Bhaiya.”

The Ram Mandir movement spanned more than two decades, witnessing the contributions of several prominent political figures. Narayan Dutt Tiwari, Rajiv Gandhi, and former Prime Minister Narsimha Rao each played a role in shaping the narrative, leaving an indelible mark on the pages of history. Their varied contributions underscored the multi-dimensional nature of the movement, where political maneuvering and cultural reclamation walked hand in hand.

Today, as the Trust overseeing Ayodhya navigates the intricacies of the temple’s construction, local collaborators like Chhampat Rai find themselves shouldering responsibilities alongside figures like Sharad. The 1990s movement saw the active involvement of media-savvy individuals like Sharad, who facilitated communication between Ayodhya and the national capital, ensuring that the voices of VHP leaders reached the masses through newspapers and other media channels.

To infuse the necessary fervor among the public during the movement, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) turned to Vinay Katiyar, a prominent leader of the Bajrang Dal. Katiyar, known for his fiery speeches, was initially tasked with rousing the public and mobilizing support for the cause. However, his aggressive rhetoric and the rising tensions prompted the RSS to strategically transfer him to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), maintaining a delicate balance between fervor and political pragmatism.

The post-Babri Masjid demolition era witnessed a significant reshuffling of leaders within the VHP, RSS, and BJP, transforming the political landscape in Uttar Pradesh. The reorganization was not merely about the rearrangement of figures; it signified a paradigm shift in the power dynamics of the region. Leaders like Lal Krishna Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, and Kalyan Singh assumed pivotal roles, shaping the course of events as Ayodhya grappled with the aftermath of the historical incident.

In the midst of this political upheaval, figures like Vinay Katiyar, who had once been at the forefront of the movement, found themselves relegated to the sidelines. The rise of Narendra Modi in Gujarat marked a turning point, as the charismatic leader ascended to power and exerted influence that would extend far beyond state borders. However, the gravitational pull of the central leadership, led by Modi, kept certain figures on the periphery of influence, their roles diminished in the grand narrative of Ayodhya.

The saga of Ayodhya and the Ram Mandir movement is deeply intertwined with the historical and cultural tapestry of India. The birthplace of Lord Ram, considered sacred by millions, became the focal point of a movement that aimed to reclaim and restore a cultural heritage that had endured for centuries. Ayodhya, with its ancient resonance, was poised for a renaissance that would reshape its destiny and resonate across the annals of time.

The reclamation of Ayodhya was not merely a political triumph; it was a cultural reawakening. The narrative shifted from the aftermath of Babri Masjid’s demolition to the meticulous planning and execution of the Ram Mandir’s construction. The Trust overseeing Ayodhya, with Chhampat Rai at its helm, assumed a pivotal role in ensuring the seamless progression of this monumental project.

Local collaborators like Rai, who had been associated with Ashok Singhal during the movement, found themselves entrusted with responsibilities that extended beyond the immediate construction concerns. Their role extended into the realms of community engagement, ensuring that the people of Ayodhya were not mere spectators but active participants in the creation of their cultural heritage.

While the saga of Ayodhya is often framed within the lens of political dynamics, it is crucial to acknowledge the individuals who played instrumental roles behind the scenes. The unsung heroes, both within Ayodhya and beyond, contributed significantly to the movement’s success. In the 1990s, when media played a pivotal role in shaping public opinion, figures like Sharad emerged as crucial intermediaries, facilitating communication between Ayodhya and the national capital.

The Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) were at the forefront of the Ram Mandir movement, with leaders like Lal Krishna Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi leading the charge. Their vision went beyond the immediate political gains; it encompassed a larger cultural and spiritual revival that resonated with millions of Indians.

The Ayodhya movement’s success also rested on the shoulders of the common people, the believers who felt a deep



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