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Why AAP-ruled Delhi gives all Lok Sabha seats to BJP?

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Manoj Kumar Pathak

In the run-up to the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, let us ponder over the electoral mood of the national capital’s voters. The Emerging World’s analysis of all the recently held pre-poll surveys suggests all seven Delhi seats would go to the BJP if elections were held today. Now the question arises, Why do Delhi seats go to the BJP despite the AAP winning the Assembly polls decisively? Why does a state that has overwhelmingly voted for the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in two consecutive Assembly polls give all the Lok Sabha seats to the BJP? Experts say there are several factors at play.


The AAP made its debut in the 2013 Delhi election and managed to get 28 of the 70 Assembly seats. It formed a government in alliance with the Congress that didn’t last a full five-year term. In the elections of 2015 and 2020, the AAP won 67 and 62 seats, respectively.
The BJP, however, won all the seven Lok Sabha seats of Delhi in both 2014 and 2019. Despite a would-be Congress-AAP alliance, the pre-poll surveys show the BJP getting 57% of the vote share in Delhi. The AAP-Congress coalition if materializes, which would fare well in Punjab, fails to dent the BJP’s seats in Delhi.


“Punjab’s demographic composition is different from Delhi’s. It has always had an uneasy relationship with the Centre, even when the Congress party was in power in the 1970s and 80s,” Piyush Gautam, a poll analyst said. “This alliance [between the Congress and the AAP] in both Delhi and Punjab is not easy. Because in Punjab, AAP feels that they can gain these seats even without the Congress. So, you have seen the CM of Punjab making statements that we don’t need to have an alliance. And in Delhi, even if they come together, they will not be able to make any dent,” adds Gautam.


Why do two states give such different results with the same combination? One of the factors is different voting patterns in Assembly and parliamentary elections. “It’s a split vote, and it’s happening across India, across all the states. Every state, if you look into the vote share of the last assembly and the last Lok Sabha, you will see somewhere between 10% to 25% jump in favor of the BJP in Lok Sabha elections,” said Satyendra Singh, a political commentator.


There is an additional factor at work in Delhi that swings votes in favor of AAP in Assembly polls but doesn’t work for it in the Lok Sabha polls, according to political analyst Ramendra Dwivedi. “Delhi’s story is very simple. It is due to the Muslim vote that swings. In Assembly elections, Muslim votes tend to favor Arvind Kejriwal’s party, and in the Lok Sabha elections, they favor the Congress. So that is why there is a kind of mismatch,” Dwivedi said. Going by that logic, the seats of Chandni Chowk or East Delhi, where the minorities are in big numbers, could be foul areas of the Congress and the AAP. They can come together and put up a tough fight for the BJP.


However, what needs to be kept in mind is that the minority factor comes into play in Assembly elections because Assembly constituencies are smaller, and the numbers are enough to decide the fate of the seats. That isn’t the case in the Lok Sabha polls. Experts say that after the delimitation process of 2008, the entire composition of the Delhi seats has changed. In Delhi, there is not even a single Lok Sabha seat now that can be decided by voters of the minority community, according to the experts on The Emerging World.


Apart from that, the Modi factor plays an important role in the Lok Sabha election in Delhi like it does in most other places. That helps in the consolidation of votes for the BJP. The other reason could be that the people of Delhi still see the AAP as a regional party despite its efforts to grow in several states. So, multiple factors make Delhi seats go to the Aam Aadmi Party in Assembly polls but to the BJP in the Lok Sabha polls. That would even be the case if the 2024 Lok Sabha polls were held today or later on.


Another renowned political analyst Jeev Kant Jha said,’ Whether it will be a triangular fight or a direct contest with a single I.N.D.I.A candidate in each Lok Sabha seat in Delhi, the BJP is confident of maintaining its dominance over all seven Lok Sabha constituencies in the national capital for the third consecutive time.’ The party’s eagerness to maintain a 7-0 track record stems from its recent Assembly election victories and the discordant signals emerging from the rival I.N.D.I.A bloc on seat-sharing.

The AAP and the Congress are still determining the seats on which they will fight against the BJP, meaning that only one opposition candidate will face each BJP candidate. However, the buzz is that the AAP wants the Congress to fight on only two seats, while the Congress is keen on contesting at least three. If the seat-sharing talks fail, the two may be forced to go it alone on all seven seats.
BJP national vice president and Delhi unit in charge Baijayant Panda said that the BJP’s win in the recent assembly elections in Hindi heartland states has created a positive atmosphere for the party, and there should be no doubts about the results of the Lok Sabha elections.


“We are winning all seven seats in Delhi, but we will have to make efforts to increase the victory margin, for which we will have to contact the beneficiaries of the Central government schemes and talk to them,” said Panda. A source inside the I.N.D.I.A bloc said, “The contrast seen between the alliances in the recent elections raises many questions about whether it will continue till the Lok Sabha election or not.”
Psephologist Sanjay Dubey said that there is constant friction within the opposition alliance and the people who make decision for the I.N.D.I.A bloc has to take control of the alliance. Dubey added, “If they are agreeing upon it, then there should be further concrete steps. If there is a cricket team and there is no captain, who will give direction to the team?”

Stunning Jewelry Trends That Are Poised to Take Over in 2022

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Red is Red hot now-a-days

What’s the  the chicest way to add the cherry on top of any look? Jewelry, of course! Bits, bobbles, bracelets, and earrings—there’s a lot to love about these swoon-worthy accessories. And lucky for you, we’ve been checking out all the stunning jewelry trends are going to be taking over 2022. Safe to say, you’re going to love what’s coming (trust).

From bright colors and bold statement earrings to cute and and seriously fun charms, there’s something for every jewel lover out there. 

To give you a peek, we’ve rounded up the best jewelry trends you’ll be seeing everywhere next year. 

Congress stages protest over the Pegasus row in front of Raj Bhawan

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Ranchi: Demanding a Supreme Court-monitored judicial inquiry in the espionage case regarding hacking of phones of opposition leaders, senior military officials, election commissioners, journalists and some other dignitaries through the Israeli spyware Pegasus leaders and workers of Jharkhand Pradesh Congress Committee demonstrated in front of the Raj Bhawan on Thursday demanding the resignation of Home Minister Amit Shah.

Under the leadership of State Congress President Dr Rameshwar Oraon a small protest was held in front of the Raj Bhawan. The party had postponed the march and procession in the wake of the instructions received regarding the corona guidelines.

Addressing the event state Congress President Dr Rameshwar Oraon said that monitoring of opponents and hacking of phones by the central government through the Israeli spyware Pegasus is completely unconstitutional and illegal, it also violates the powers conferred under Article 21. Central government had encroached into ones private space, therefore the Supreme Court should take suo moto cognizance of this matter and order a judicial inquiry, he said, adding that there is talk of investigation of such immoral acts in other countries as well.

He said that this espionage work is possible only at the behest of the Prime Minister. The BJP-led central government, finding itself weak is engaged in spying on the opponents he said, adding that it was through this that work was done to break the governments in Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh whereas the Israeli government clearly says that it can be used only and only by the government to curb terrorist and criminal activities.

(EW correspondent)

Dadri is Emerging as India’s Premier Multi-modal Logistics Hub

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Suraj Singh 

Dadri:  Uttar Pradesh’s ambitious stride towards a $1 trillion economy gains momentum as the Yogi Adityanath government embarks on a transformative journey to establish a state-of-the-art multi-modal logistics hub (MMLH) in Dadri, Greater Noida. With an investment outlay of Rs 7,064 crore, this monumental project spans across 823 acres, positioning Dadri as a pivotal center for freight logistics in India.

The core development of the MMLH will encompass 455 acres, dedicated to a comprehensive infrastructure that includes commercial and administrative facilities spread over 17.5 acres. The project also earmarks 350 acres for the rail yard and associated ventures, strategically designed to optimize logistics efficiency and enhance trade connectivity.

Under the visionary leadership of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, the Dadri MMLH is poised to redefine logistics operations, serving as a critical node along both the eastern and western dedicated freight corridors of the nation. This strategic location will facilitate seamless transportation of goods, integrating essential services such as container handling, warehousing, cold storage, and value-added packing.

“The Dadri multi-modal logistics hub is not merely an infrastructure project; it is a gateway to accelerating economic growth and bolstering industrial activities,” remarked a government spokesperson. This hub, operating akin to a dry port, promises rapid transit of commodities and raw materials across the region, stimulating trade and commerce on a grand scale.

The project, developed under the Public Private Partnership (PPP) model, is overseen by the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority in alignment with guidelines from the National Industrial Corridor Development and Implementation Trust (NICDIT). The Master Detailed Project Report (DPR) crafted by the authority outlines strategic initiatives including the construction of approach tracks and a Rail Over Rail (ROR) bridge extending from New Dadri station to the MMLH boundary.

Simultaneously, the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) has greenlit the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for railway tracks and terminal stations within the MMLH premises. Crucial steps such as land acquisition, signaling processes, and the establishment of trunk infrastructure including roads, canals, bridges, and utility services are progressing swiftly across various phases of implementation.

“The Dadri MMLH represents a paradigm shift in logistics infrastructure, ensuring robust rail connectivity, efficient cargo handling, and world-class amenities,” affirmed officials overseeing the project’s execution. This initiative underscores Uttar Pradesh’s commitment to fostering industrial growth and positioning the state as a leader in logistics and commerce.

As development strides forward, the MMLH in Dadri is poised to emerge not just as a logistical powerhouse but as a beacon of economic resilience and industrial dynamism, symbolizing Uttar Pradesh’s progressive vision under Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath’s stewardship. The transformative impact of this project is set to resonate across the nation, heralding a new era in freight logistics and economic expansion.

June witnesses highest global temperatures in over 1,00,000 years

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  • It’s official! Last month blistering heat impacted 61.9 crore Indians
  • Also marks the 12th consecutive month of global temperatures reaching 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average
  • The urgency of the climate crisis and its effects on child health are undeniable

Devesh Dubey

The summer of June 2024 will be etched into history not just for its scorching heat but for the profound implications it carries for our planet and its inhabitants. As the global climate continues to warm at an alarming rate, the month of June has set unprecedented records, underscoring the urgency of addressing climate change and its far-reaching consequences. June witnesses highest global temperatures in over 1,00,000 years

Unprecedented Heatwave and Temperature Records

June 2024 has been officially recognized as the warmest June on record globally. According to the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), which monitors global climate patterns, the average surface air temperature for June 2024 reached 16.66 degrees Celsius. This figure represents an alarming 0.67 degrees Celsius above the average for the 1991-2020 period and surpasses the previous record set in June 2023 by 0.14 degrees Celsius.

What makes June 2024 particularly significant is not just its immediate temperature readings but its broader context in the trajectory of global warming. It marks the 12th consecutive month where global temperatures have exceeded 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average—a critical threshold identified by climate scientists as indicative of severe climate impacts.

Contextualizing the Climate Crisis

The rise in global temperatures is not an isolated event but a symptom of a larger, ongoing climate crisis. Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes have significantly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases—primarily carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4)—in the atmosphere. These gases trap heat, leading to a phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect, which drives global warming and climate change.

The implications of rising temperatures are profound and multifaceted. They manifest in extreme weather events, shifts in ecosystems, disruptions to agriculture, rising sea levels, and threats to human health and well-being. Moreover, they disproportionately impact vulnerable populations, exacerbating inequalities and posing existential threats to biodiversity and ecosystems.

Global Impact and Regional Vulnerabilities

The heatwave experienced in June 2024 had a profound impact on global populations, affecting millions of people across continents. According to analyses by Climate Central, an independent group of scientists, more than 60% of the world’s population experienced extreme heat conditions during June 16-24. This widespread heatwave was exacerbated by climate change, making such extreme weather events more frequent and intense.

In India, for instance, the intensity of the heatwave was particularly severe. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) reported that northwest India experienced its hottest June since record-keeping began in 1901. The scorching temperatures, exceeding 50 degrees Celsius in some regions, strained infrastructure, overwhelmed healthcare systems, and led to thousands of cases of heat-related illnesses and fatalities. Similar impacts were felt in other populous countries such as China, Indonesia, Brazil, and the United States, where heatwaves disrupted daily life and posed significant challenges to public health and safety.

Environmental and Ecological Consequences

Beyond its immediate human impacts, the heatwave in June 2024 also had significant environmental consequences. Prolonged periods of extreme heat can trigger heat stress in ecosystems, leading to declines in biodiversity, changes in species distribution, and disruptions to ecosystem services. For example, marine heatwaves can devastate coral reefs, leading to coral bleaching and mass die-offs, with cascading effects on marine life and coastal communities that depend on reef ecosystems for food security and livelihoods.

In terrestrial ecosystems, heat stress can exacerbate drought conditions, increase the frequency and intensity of wildfires, and impair the ability of forests and grasslands to sequester carbon dioxide—a critical ecosystem service for mitigating climate change. These ecological disruptions not only threaten biodiversity but also jeopardize the resilience of natural systems to future climate impacts.

Societal and Economic Implications

The economic ramifications of extreme heat events are significant, affecting sectors such as agriculture, energy, tourism, and public health. Agriculture, in particular, faces challenges from reduced crop yields, livestock losses, and increased water demand for irrigation. Smallholder farmers and rural communities, already vulnerable to climate variability, bear the brunt of these impacts, exacerbating food insecurity and economic inequalities.

In urban areas, heatwaves strain infrastructure and public services, including energy grids, water supply systems, and healthcare facilities. The elderly, children, and low-income populations are disproportionately affected, lacking access to adequate cooling facilities and facing higher risks of heat-related illnesses. Addressing these vulnerabilities requires investment in climate-resilient infrastructure, urban planning strategies that prioritize green spaces and heat mitigation measures, and policies that enhance social protection and public health preparedness.

The Role of Climate Science and Policy

The findings from June 2024 underscore the critical role of climate science in monitoring, predicting, and understanding the drivers and impacts of global warming. Scientific organizations such as C3S play a crucial role in providing accurate and timely data on climate trends, informing policy decisions, and guiding adaptation and mitigation efforts at local, national, and global levels.

At the policy level, the Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015 by nearly 200 countries, represents a landmark commitment to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, achieving these goals requires enhanced ambition, accelerated implementation of climate action plans, and strengthened international cooperation on mitigation, adaptation, finance, and technology transfer.

The Path Forward: Climate Action and Resilience

As we confront the challenges posed by June 2024’s record-breaking temperatures, there is an urgent need for collective action and transformative change. Governments, businesses, civil society organizations, and individuals all have a role to play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, enhancing climate resilience, and promoting sustainable development practices.

Investing in renewable energy sources, transitioning to low-carbon economies, and promoting energy efficiency are essential steps towards achieving net-zero emissions and mitigating the drivers of global warming. Similarly, protecting and restoring natural ecosystems, including forests, wetlands, and coastal habitats, can enhance carbon sequestration, conserve biodiversity, and strengthen ecological resilience to climate impacts.

Adaptation measures such as early warning systems for extreme weather events, climate-resilient infrastructure, and sustainable water management practices are critical for safeguarding vulnerable communities and ecosystems from the impacts of climate change. Empowering local communities, particularly indigenous peoples and marginalized groups, to participate in decision-making processes and access climate finance is essential for building inclusive and equitable climate resilience.

A Call to Action

June 2024 serves as a poignant reminder of the urgent need to address climate change as a global priority. The unprecedented heatwave and record-breaking temperatures underscore the existential threat posed by global warming and the imperative for decisive action. As we look ahead, concerted efforts to reduce emissions, enhance resilience, and promote sustainable development are essential for safeguarding our planet, protecting vulnerable communities, and ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come.

The time for action is now—to mitigate climate risks, accelerate climate adaptation, and build a resilient and equitable world. By working together, we can harness the power of innovation, science, and collective action to address the climate crisis and create a sustainable future where people and nature thrive in harmony.

As we reflect on the lessons learned from June 2024, let us seize this moment to embrace a transformative agenda for climate action, grounded in solidarity, equity, and shared responsibility. Together, we can chart a course towards a sustainable and resilient future, where the impacts of climate change are mitigated, communities are empowered, and our planet’s biodiversity and ecosystems are safeguarded for future generations.

Nepal-India Relations: All Weather Friends Love Story

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Nepal and India share a relationship that is deeply rooted in history, culture, and geography. The ties between these two countries are as ancient as human civilization itself. The profound connections between Nepal and India are unparalleled, and they span across various domains including geography, culture, social structures, economics, religion, and language. These strong foundations have ensured that even minor political disputes do not significantly affect the underlying bond between the two nations. In true sense, they are friends in need, friends indeed.

Ravindra Ojha

Geographical Proximity

The geographical contiguity between Nepal and India has played a crucial role in shaping their relationship. The Himalayas form a natural boundary to the north of Nepal, while the southern, eastern, and western borders are shared with India. This close proximity has facilitated extensive interaction and exchange between the people of both nations for centuries. The open border policy, which allows citizens of both countries to move freely across the border, has further strengthened these ties.

Historically, the relationship between Nepal and India has been marked by mutual cooperation and support. India has been a proactive partner in Nepal’s development efforts, especially in areas such as infrastructure, education, health, energy, water resources, disaster management, and cross-border connectivity. For instance, Nepal’s first two development plans, starting in 1956, were largely financed by India. This collaboration has significantly transformed the development landscape in Nepal, benefiting both countries.

Economic Interdependence

Nepal’s economy is closely intertwined with India’s. Due to its landlocked nature, Nepal relies heavily on India for access to international markets. Most of Nepal’s trade with other countries occurs through Indian territory. India is Nepal’s largest trading partner, and the economic interdependence between the two nations is evident in various sectors.

One notable example of economic cooperation is the energy sector. In 2023, Nepal sold green energy worth INR 9.6 billion to India, a figure that is expected to rise to INR 15.6 billion in 2024, representing a significant increase of over 61 percent. This growing energy trade not only boosts Nepal’s economy but also contributes to India’s energy needs. Additionally, the two countries are working on resolving issues related to the 6,480 MW Pancheshwar project, which was planned in 1996 on the Mahakali River along the Nepal-India border. This project aims to generate power, provide irrigation, and control floods, offering substantial benefits to both nations.

Several other mega hydropower projects, such as the Arun 3 project, are also underway in Nepal. These projects have the potential to further enhance the economic ties between Nepal and India, contributing to the overall development and prosperity of the region.

Cultural and Social Bonds

The cultural and social bonds between Nepal and India are profound and deeply rooted. Both countries share a common cultural heritage, with strong influences from Hinduism and Buddhism. Festivals, rituals, and traditions are often similar, fostering a sense of unity and shared identity among the people.

The open border policy has facilitated frequent cross-border movement, leading to strong social connections. Marriages between people from Nepal and India are common, further cementing the ties between the two nations. This “roti-beti” (bread and daughter) relationship symbolizes the close kinship and interdependence between the people.

Border Disputes

Despite the strong foundation of friendship, Nepal and India have faced challenges, particularly related to border disputes. The areas of Kalapani, Limpiyadhura, and Lipulekh, located along the trijunction point between Nepal, India, and China, have been contentious. Both Nepal and India claim these areas as part of their territories.

The issue escalated in 2015 when India and China agreed to use the Lipulekh pass for trade without consulting Nepal. In response, Nepal amended its constitution to incorporate the disputed areas into its territory and released a new map in 2020. India, however, rejected Nepal’s claims over these regions.

Recently, the Nepalese government decided to feature the new map, including the disputed areas, on the 100-rupee denomination notes. This move was criticized by Chiranjibi Nepal, former Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank, who argued that printing a map different from what international bodies recognize was unwise. This controversy highlights the complexities and sensitivities surrounding the border disputes.

The Treaty of Sugauli

The Treaty of Sugauli, signed in 1816 between the East India Company and Nepal, formally delineated the border between Nepal and India. Since then, the border has remained open, allowing citizens of both countries to cross freely for various purposes such as education, healthcare, business, trade, and social interactions. This open border system has been a lifeline for people living on both sides.

However, some elements in Nepal have recently advocated for introducing a passport system and fencing the border with barbed wire to curb crime and smuggling. These proposals have sparked debates on whether the open border system is responsible for these issues or if other factors, such as the failure of intelligence and security agencies, are at play. For instance, the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu has emerged as a hub of gold smuggling despite stringent security measures, indicating that criminal activities often have deeper roots and may involve high-profile patronage.

Security and Surveillance

Despite the challenges, the border between Nepal and India is not entirely open and unregulated. Both countries have deployed security forces to patrol their respective border regions. The Border Security Force (BSF) in India and the Armed Police Force (APF) in Nepal monitor the border, and powerful surveillance cameras have been installed. Vehicles crossing the border are recorded, and customs officials regulate the entry and exit of goods.

Regular meetings between the security agencies of both countries help assess the situation along the border and address any issues that arise. To enhance border management, Nepal’s Supreme Court has recently ordered the government to stop all criminal activities along the Nepal-India border using modern equipment and technologies like drones and CCTV cameras. Additionally, the court has urged the government to resolve border disputes through diplomatic channels and restore missing and broken border pillars.

Diplomatic Efforts

Nepal and India have completed 98 percent of the survey work on their 1853 km long international border, indicating that boundary issues are limited to specific areas. The majority of the border regions are peaceful, with people living in harmony. However, vested interests often attempt to disturb this peace by exploiting contentious issues.

Given the multi-faceted and unique relations between the people of Nepal and India, there is no reason why border disputes in areas like Kalapani, Limpiyadhura, and Lipulekh, as well as Susta, cannot be resolved through dialogue and diplomatic channels. The strong foundation of friendship and cooperation between the two nations provides a solid basis for addressing these issues amicably.

Frankly speaking, Nepal-India relations are characterized by deep-rooted historical, cultural, social, economic, and geographical ties. Despite occasional challenges and disputes, the enduring bond between the two countries has remained strong. The open border system, economic interdependence, and cultural affinity have fostered a unique partnership that benefits both nations. By addressing border disputes through diplomatic means and enhancing cooperation in various sectors, Nepal and India can continue to strengthen their relationship and work towards mutual development and prosperity.

NEET Paper Leak : Cancelling Exam Last Resort

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Supreme Court is carefully considering a batch of 38 petitions demanding a re-examination

The government and the National Testing Agency (NTA) counter re-exam demand

Dhirendra Sinha

New Delhi :  Amidst rising controversies surrounding the NEET-UG 2024 examination, a Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud is carefully considering a batch of 38 petitions demanding a re-examination. The apex court said if sanctity of the examination is lost, then re-test has to be ordered, cancellation of the exam is extreme last resort. The allegations include significant irregularities and a confirmed leak of the examination paper. The petitioners argue for the cancellation of the current results and conducting a fresh test, while the government and the National Testing Agency (NTA) counter these demands.

During the hearing, Chief Justice Chandrachud emphasized the gravity of the situation, highlighting that the leak of the NEET question paper is an “admitted fact.” He noted the challenge of addressing the issue given the massive scale of the examination, which involves 23 lakh students. The Chief Justice outlined three critical parameters that will guide the court’s decision on whether a re-test is warranted.

The first parameter is to determine whether it is possible to segregate the beneficiaries of the fraud from the untainted students. If the fraudulent candidates can be identified, a re-test may not be necessary. The second parameter involves assessing whether the breach of sanctity affected the entire exam. If the integrity of the whole process is compromised, a re-test would be justified. The third and final parameter is to ascertain the systemic level of the breach.

Chief Justice Chandrachud called for full disclosure from the NTA regarding the extent and nature of the leak. The court has asked the NTA and the Centre to identify the candidates involved in the fraud. If the segregation of tainted candidates proves unfeasible, the court might have no choice but to order a re-test.

The NTA informed the court that the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is probing the allegations, with six FIRs already registered. This acknowledgment prompted the Chief Justice to state, “So, it’s an admitted fact that the paper was leaked.” The next hearing of the case is scheduled for Thursday, July 11.

During the proceedings, the court discussed the significant implications of a potential re-test. Chief Justice Chandrachud noted the logistical and financial burdens of conducting a re-test, along with the disruption it would cause to the academic schedule. He emphasized the need to understand the specifics of the leak, including its dissemination and the measures taken by the NTA and the Centre to identify the beneficiaries of the wrongdoing.

The petitions, which include demands for the cancellation and re-examination of NEET-UG 2024, argue that the irregularities and malpractices during the May 5 test were extensive. Counsel for some petitioners claimed that the NTA did not follow standard procedures, leading to massive discrepancies at a systemic level. The allegations have sparked widespread protests and political outcry, with suspicions of irregularities exacerbated by the results. An unprecedented 67 students initially scored a perfect 720, and six top scorers hailed from a single center in Haryana, raising concerns of foul play.

In response, the government and the NTA have argued against scrapping the exam, contending that there is insufficient evidence to suggest a large-scale breach of confidentiality. They emphasize the adverse impact such a move would have on thousands of honest candidates. The Union Education Minister, in an affidavit, stated, “It would not be rational to scrap the entire examination and the results already declared in the absence of proof of any large-scale breach.”

The NTA echoed this sentiment, warning that canceling the exam would be “counterproductive and significantly harmful” to public interest and the career prospects of qualified candidates. They maintained that the exam was conducted fairly and securely, dismissing widespread malpractice claims as “unfounded and misleading.”

In a prior hearing, the Supreme Court underscored the need for answers regarding the examination’s sanctity. Justice Amanullah remarked, “Sanctity has been affected, so we need answers,” reflecting the court’s intent to scrutinize the process thoroughly.

As the court continues to review the petitions and the responses from the NTA and the Centre, the future of the NEET-UG 2024 examination hangs in the balance, with potential implications for millions of aspiring medical students across India.

Budget 2024 : Middle-Class Hope for Economic Relief from Government

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In recent years, the government’s focus on capital expenditures has been notable. For the fiscal year 2022-23, a provision of ₹7.50 lakh crore was made for capital expenditures, which saw a substantial 33% increase to ₹10 lakh crore for the fiscal year 2023-24

Abhinit Kumar

With the full-term budget for the fiscal year 2024-25 set to be presented by the central government in July 2024, there is a palpable anticipation among middle-class families for significant economic relief. Following the recent general elections, citizens have once again entrusted Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the mandate to lead the country for another five years, expecting continued efforts to accelerate economic development. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is now preparing to present the upcoming budget, which holds substantial implications for the nation’s economic trajectory.

In recent years, the government’s focus on capital expenditures has been notable. For the fiscal year 2022-23, a provision of ₹7.50 lakh crore was made for capital expenditures, which saw a substantial 33% increase to ₹10 lakh crore for the fiscal year 2023-24. This significant boost in capital expenditure was aimed at fostering infrastructure development, creating jobs, and stimulating economic growth. For 2024-25, a provision of ₹11.11 lakh crore has been made, reflecting an 11% increase over the previous year. While this increase is commendable, there is a strong argument for a more substantial hike, ideally at least 25%, to maintain and accelerate the momentum in capital expenditures. Such an increase would translate to a provision of ₹12.5 lakh crore, which could significantly enhance the impact on economic growth and employment.

Capital expenditures are crucial for any nation’s economic progress. They are investments made by the government in physical assets such as infrastructure, machinery, and buildings, which lay the foundation for long-term economic growth. In India, the fiscal year 2023-24 witnessed an impressive economic growth rate of over 8%. To sustain and further this growth rate, it is essential to continue and increase investments in capital expenditures. These investments not only spur economic activity but also lead to the creation of new employment opportunities—a critical need for a country with a large and growing workforce.

Over the past decade, accelerated development has had a transformative impact on India’s socio-economic landscape. Approximately 250 million citizens have been lifted above the poverty line, with many now joining the middle class. The poverty rate has seen a remarkable decline from 21.1% in the fiscal year 2011-12 to 8.5% today. This shift has significantly bolstered the demand for goods and services, contributing to economic growth. Moreover, the burgeoning middle class has played a crucial role in enhancing tax collection, which in turn funds public services and infrastructure projects.

Direct tax collection has been a notable area of growth, with a recorded increase of around 25%. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) collections have also shown impressive figures, surpassing ₹1.80 lakh crore per month on average. This steady increase in tax revenue underscores the expanding economic activity and the government’s efforts to widen the tax base. Additionally, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provided a substantial dividend of over ₹2 lakh crore to the central government for the fiscal year 2023-24. Public sector banks and enterprises have similarly contributed significantly, earning more than ₹5 lakh crore in profits and providing hefty dividends to the government. This marks a stark contrast to a few years ago when the government had to allocate substantial budget funds to cover the losses of public sector banks.

This comprehensive change has led to a significant reduction in the central government’s budget deficit. The budget deficit, which had exceeded 8% during the COVID-19 pandemic, is now expected to decrease to 5.1% in the fiscal year 2024-25. This improvement is a testament to the government’s success in increasing its financial resources while simultaneously controlling expenditures. Such fiscal discipline is crucial for maintaining economic stability and ensuring sustainable growth.

Despite these positive developments, there is a growing expectation among middle-class families for direct economic relief in the form of income tax cuts. The substantial increase in direct tax collection has largely been driven by this demographic, and providing them with tax relief could have a cascading positive impact on the economy. According to Indian economic philosophy, the tax burden on citizens should be as light as a bee’s extraction of honey from a flower. Increasing the disposable income of middle-class families directly benefits the economy by boosting demand for various products, leading to increased production and employment opportunities.

When middle-class citizens have more money to spend, they stimulate demand for goods and services, which in turn drives production. Increased production leads to the creation of new jobs and the expansion of manufacturing units. This growth cycle not only boosts the economy but also increases tax revenues, as higher production and consumption levels generate more taxable income. Reducing income tax for the middle class could also promote the formal economy. In several countries, it has been observed that lower tax rates encourage the growth of the formal economy, leading to increased tax collection even after reducing the rates.

Although India’s informal economy still runs almost parallel to the formal economy, the government’s push for digitizing economic transactions has significantly helped formalize the economy. The increased transparency and accountability resulting from digital transactions have contributed to higher tax collections, with GST collections reaching over ₹1.80 lakh crore per month. Therefore, the rapid growth of middle-class families is directly linked to the country’s economic development.

The growth of the middle class has a multiplier effect on the economy. Middle-class families are typically the most active consumers, driving demand across various sectors. Their spending on housing, education, healthcare, and consumer goods fuels economic activity and creates jobs. Moreover, middle-class households are significant contributors to the financial sector, investing in savings schemes, mutual funds, and insurance products. Their financial stability and propensity to save and invest are crucial for the health of the economy.

Enhancing the disposable income of middle-class families through tax relief would also support the government’s broader economic goals. For instance, increased consumer spending can lead to higher demand for housing, stimulating the real estate sector, which is a significant driver of employment and economic activity. Additionally, higher disposable incomes can boost investments in education and healthcare, leading to long-term human capital development and improved productivity.

Furthermore, the middle class plays a crucial role in driving entrepreneurship and innovation. With more financial resources at their disposal, middle-class individuals are more likely to invest in new business ventures, fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. This can lead to the creation of new industries and job opportunities, further contributing to economic growth.

As the government prepares the budget for the fiscal year 2024-25, it is essential to consider the potential benefits of providing economic relief to middle-class families. Such relief would not only enhance their financial well-being but also stimulate economic growth and job creation. The government’s focus on capital expenditures should be complemented by measures to increase the disposable income of middle-class citizens, thereby driving demand and fostering a more inclusive and robust economy.

The impressive growth in tax collections has provided the government with the fiscal space to consider such measures. Attractive tax collections enable the successful implementation of various schemes to support the poor. Therefore, the fiscal year 2024-25 budget should be designed with the aim of increasing the number of middle-class families, who have always been at the forefront of providing assistance to the poor. Middle-class families play a vital role in supporting the broader economy and ensuring sustainable development.

As Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman prepares to present the budget, the expectations of middle-class families for economic relief are high. By increasing capital expenditures and providing income tax relief, the government can stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and enhance the financial well-being of millions of citizens. The positive impact of such measures would extend beyond the middle class, benefiting the entire economy and ensuring a prosperous future for all. The upcoming budget presents an opportunity to reinforce the government’s commitment to building a robust and inclusive economy, addressing the aspirations of middle-class families, and fostering long-term economic growth.

Historic Palamu: A Blend of Nature and Rich Cultural Heritage

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Sanjay Kumar Pandey: Palamu, a district nestled in the western part of Bihar, India, is not just rich in natural resources but also steeped in ancient history. Established by the British in 1892, the district is known for its abundant natural beauty, despite being categorized as one of the most underdeveloped districts in the state. Located amidst ancient rock formations, Palamu boasts of diverse landscapes and significant rivers. The Koel River, flowing from south to north, merges its pure waters with the Son River, dividing the district into almost equal parts. Historically neglected, Palamu lacks a documented history of formal governance systems like those in Chero and Raksha territories. The Palamu district capital, Medininagar, lies within Palamu, spanning from approximately 230’15” to 240’30” north latitude and 830’15” to 850’30” east longitude according to world maps. Bordered by Hazaribagh, Gaya, and Aurangabad districts to the east, Ranchi and Lohardaga districts to the south, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh states to the west, and Rohtas district to the north, Palamu is part of the Gondwana land legacy. Despite its ancient origins, Palamu has seen significant deforestation due to industrialization, leaving large forested areas in the district. The region’s forests are primarily dominated by sal, ash, palash, mahua, babul, semar, amla, harra, bahera, and bamboo. Agriculture forms the backbone of the local economy, with crops like rice, wheat, maize, and pulses grown extensively. The abundance of forests has facilitated animal husbandry, with local communities raising cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and horses. Mineral resources have gained importance in the modern era, with ongoing surveys revealing a variety of minerals that contribute significantly to the economic structure and development of the region. Palamu continues to be a vital area for natural resources, underscoring its potential for economic growth amidst its rich historical and natural heritage.

Start Your Own Startups, Government Will Provide Full Support: Hemant Soren

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Sanjay Kumar Pandey

Government’s Positive Outlook Towards Industries and Industrialists

Ranchi EW Correspondent : Chief Minister Hemant Soren attended the “Srijan” Startup Conclave organized by the Federation of Jharkhand Chamber of Commerce and Industries at the Aryabhatta Auditorium in Ranchi University campus as the chief guest. On this occasion, he stated that the government has a positive outlook towards all industries and new ones coming to the state. The government is committed to attracting more investments and creating maximum employment opportunities. The government will fully support industries and industrialists.

The Chief Minister addressed the Jharkhand Chamber, stating that many industries in the state have been operating for years, with generations of entrepreneurs conducting business here. These entrepreneurs have witnessed the changing landscape of Jharkhand and are well aware of its economic, social, and geographical conditions. They understand the state better than anyone else, and the government aims to achieve comprehensive development of the state in collaboration with them. The Chief Minister Hemant Soren mentioned that the state government has formulated a startup policy. However, the state has not progressed as much as it should in promoting startups. The government will soon take concrete steps to strengthen and promote startups. With the vision of connecting youth to employment through startups and providing jobs to others, the government will move forward. The Chief Minister highlighted that after independence, the policymakers of the country recognized the importance of the state. As a result, several major industries were established here. Tata and Birla, among other industrial groups, set up their industries. Coal India’s most significant activities are conducted in this state. The first fertilizer industry in the country, the mining institute, and the renowned Heavy Engineering Corporation Limited (HEC) were also established in Jharkhand. However, over time, circumstances led to the closure of many industries. Those that were supposed to expand shrank, resulting in unemployment. The government now aims to lay such a strong foundation for industries that future generations can benefit from them. The government will positively consider and implement any suggestions from the Jharkhand Chamber. State MP Mahua Maji, MLA Rameshwar Oraon, former state MP Mahesh Poddar, Chief Minister’s Additional Chief Secretary Avinash Kumar, IT and e-Governance Secretary Vipra Bhal, President of the Federation of Jharkhand Chamber of Commerce and Industries Kishor Mintri, former President Vinay Agrawal, Vice President Aditya Malhotra, Secretary Paresh Gatani, and other members were present at the event.

Government Prioritizes Earnings Over Work: Sudesh Mahto

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Industries of Transfers, Postings, and Illegal Transportation Thrive in Government

Ranchi EW Correspondent : The state government’s priority is earning, not working. The industries of transfers, postings, and illegal transportation are thriving in the government. Corruption has become a norm. The leaders who swore to serve the public are only thinking about themselves, leading to frustration and despair among the people of Jharkhand. These statements were made by party president Sudesh Kumar Mahto during a gathering at his residential office on Kanke Road, Ranchi. During this event, several youths and social workers from the Barkagaon constituency, led by social worker Ramchandra Sahu, joined the party. Welcoming the new members to the party, Sudesh Kumar Mahto said that the government has deceived the youth the most. Due to their broken promises, the future of the youth is in darkness. Today, people from all sections of society are joining AJSU. The party’s central general secretary, Roshan Lal Chaudhary, who was present at the event, said that the Barkagaon constituency, with its immense potential for development, has been kept far from progress. No work has been done for the area’s development. The people of Barkagaon, suffering from displacement, are looking at AJSU with hopeful eyes. Together, we will work to develop Barkagaon in line with public aspirations. Under the leadership of Ramchandra Sahu, the following individuals joined the party: Manoj Sahu, Sonu Sahu, Vinod Sahu, Mohan Sahu, Shiv Sahu, Shankar Sahu, Suraj Kumar Sahu, Dilchand Sahu, Ishwari Sahu, Kamalnath Sahu, Narendra Lal Sahu, Kuldeep Sahu, Nirmal Sahu, Jugeshwar Sahu, Rohit Dineshwar Sahu, Pawan Sahu, Piyari Sahu, Guddu Sahu, Khirodhar Triloki Sahu, Gullu Sahu, Tukan Sahu, Kedar Sahu, Tarkeshwar Sanjay Sahu, Vijay Sahu, Anjan Sahu, Pintu Sahu, Churaman Sahu, Dinesh Prajapati, Ashok Sahu, Gopal Sahu, Magho Sahu, Lakhan Sahu, Thakuri Sahu, Bhubaneswar Sahu, Rajan Sahu, Kuleshwar Sahu, Teela Sahu, Dhaneshwar Sahu, and many others from Patratru and Urimari, including Champa Devi, Poonam Devi, Anu Devi, and Sita Devi.

Start Up India : Success Stories

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Start-Ups are undeniably the growth engine of Indian economy. It has became a Trillion-Dollar Catalyst for country’s Economy. In the dynamic landscape of global economies, India stands out as a beacon of innovation and growth, thanks to its vibrant startup ecosystem. According to an estimate, By the fiscal year 2029-30, Indian startups, including the revered unicorns, are expected to inject a staggering $1 trillion into the Indian economy, a significant milestone given the projected size of the Indian economy at $7 trillion by 2030. This revelation underscores the critical role startups play in the nation’s path to becoming an economic powerhouse.


Seeing its important role in shaping nation’s future, The Emerging World is coming forward with inspiring stories behind the success of start-ups in India. There are several dreamers who have defeated all the odds coming in between their pursuit to success. So if you are a mentor, inspirator, designer or brain behind the success of any start up, you are most welcomed in this column. So tell us your inspirational struggling story to the aspiring lots, who can follow your footsteps in future. Here in this column we have the inspiring success story of Rita Shukla Co-Founder The Mothers Cook

Nourishing the Body and Soul: The Mother’s Cook

Transitioning from college to the corporate world can present considerable challenges, particularly when upholding a healthy way of life. We may forget home-cooked food in college because then we have many friends & many options available. However, the moment we step into the corporate world, everything changes. Working hours become erratic, and we eat randomly, skip meals, or dine out often. From the comfort of our homes, we always had meals on time and never worried about quality or hygiene. But once we enter the corporate world, we realize the value of homemade food. I am Rita Shukla, co-founder of The Mother’s Cook, and I am passionate about sharing my love for cooking with the world. As a devoted homemaker and mother for over three decades, I have always found solace in the kitchen. However, my life took an unexpected turn when I lost my beloved husband to cancer, leaving me feeling lost and alone. Driven by my own struggles and inspired to help others, I embarked on a journey that has taken me from a home cook to a business owner. Along the way, I have faced challenges, learned valuable lessons, and gained a new perspective on the role of food in achieving one’s goals. Join me as I share my story of resilience, perseverance, and the power of food to transform lives. In 2015, my elder son started his job in Delhi after graduating. He was diagnosed with typhoid 10-15 days later. The doctor attributed it to food poisoning from eating street food somewhere.

Although he recovered, he fell ill with typhoid again soon after. Despite hiring a maid, there were still issues with meal planning and preparation, and we realized that he needed proper and hygienic meals to stay healthy. The doctor suggested he find a way to get more nutritious meals or work from his hometown. I visited my son in Noida and noticed his health improved significantly after receiving timely meals and proper hygiene. However, there were times when the maid didn’t show up, and he had to eat from expensive restaurants to maintain hygiene and healthy food. Then again, in 2017, my younger son faced similar issues while pursuing Law Entrance coaching. At times, the maid wouldn’t show up, and even if she did, the food she cooked wasn’t always healthy, nutritious, or tasty. It was a challenging time for us as a family, but we persevered and cared for each other.

In 2018, my world turned upside down when my husband was diagnosed with cancer and had to be admitted to a private hospital. It was a scary and overwhelming time for both of us. During his 18-20 day hospital stay for the operation process in Rohini, we faced the same food-related issue that so many families do in these situations. Despite the presence of caring relatives, the outside food they brought was either too costly and unhealthy or cheap and unhygienic, oily or salty. It was a challenging time for both of us. We were already dealing with overwhelming emotional stress, and worrying about his food quality only added to our burden. We were both worried about his health, and we knew that the food he consumed significantly affected his recovery.

We tried to manage the situation as best, but it was not easy. Having no control over the food quality brought in, it was frustrating to see him struggle with his meals. I faced a devastating tragedy when my husband passed away at age 54. As a result, I found myself alone and struggling to cope with his sudden loss, with my two sons living far away chasing their aspirations. To make matters worse, we were hit by a financial crisis due to the exorbitant medical expenses that amounted to a staggering 45 lakh rupees during my husband’s cancer treatment, which only added to our difficulties during this difficult time. Cooking has always been an ardent pursuit of mine, and it brings immense joy to my heart when people relish the food I prepare with ardour. A few months ago, I had the pleasure of inviting my neighbours over for a meal, where I decided to whip up some samosas for them. To my delight, they were left in awe of my culinary expertise and even lauded my efforts on various social media platforms. Although their compliments warmed my heart, I was also humbled by their generous words. Following my husband’s demise, I struggled with loneliness, a common predicament for a woman married for over 30 years. However, the chance to teach others how to cook was a new lease of life and purpose that kept me occupied. I was overjoyed to hear that two ladies were keen on learning from me, and it gave me great pleasure to share my culinary passion with them. An unexpected opportunity arose as my family struggled to cope with my husband’s illness and the resulting financial burden.

We received a bulk order of 100 samosas, and I enlisted my maid’s help to fulfil it. Shortly after that, a couple approached me for daily meal services, having faced similar food-related challenges. Drawing on my hardships, I volunteered my services, but the couple insisted on paying despite my desire to provide them for free. This marked the beginning of “The Mother’s Cook,” a startup dedicated to providing healthy, hygienic & homely styled-cooked meals to those in need. Driven by our own hardships, I embarked on an audacious entrepreneurial journey to revolutionize society’s attitudes towards the role of food in achieving success. Reflecting on my journey with The Mother’s Cook, my heart swells with pride and gratitude. What began as a small enterprise fuelled by my fervour for cooking has become a flourishing business that has touched innumerable lives. Through our unwavering commitment to providing wholesome meals and empowering the homemaker community, we have established a prosperous enterprise that has contributed positively to society. As we explore new avenues and broaden our horizons, I am eager to discover where this thrilling odyssey takes us next.

Addressing Delhi’s climatic catastrophe through eco-friendly way

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Initiatives such as rainwater harvesting, water recycling, and efficient irrigation practices are being encouraged to reduce demand pressures and ensure the sustainable utilization of available water resources

Jeev Kant Jha

In the sprawling urban landscape of Delhi, the year 2041 represents a critical juncture in the city’s journey towards sustainable urban planning. With an escalating population and increasing pressures on natural resources, Delhi faces formidable environmental challenges that necessitate innovative solutions and concerted efforts in urban management. At the forefront of these challenges lie the urgent needs to manage water resources efficiently, revolutionize waste disposal practices, and embrace green initiatives that enhance environmental quality and resilience.

Enhancing Water Management: Ensuring Sustainability and Resilience

Water scarcity poses a significant threat to Delhi’s future viability. The city’s reliance on groundwater has led to depletion and quality degradation, exacerbating challenges posed by erratic monsoons and climate change. Recognizing these vulnerabilities, Delhi’s urban planners are pivoting towards a paradigm of sustainable water management. Central to this approach is the enhancement of water infrastructure, including the expansion and modernization of distribution networks and the augmentation of treatment facilities.

Efforts are underway to improve water governance and promote water conservation measures across sectors. Initiatives such as rainwater harvesting, water recycling, and efficient irrigation practices are being encouraged to reduce demand pressures and ensure the sustainable utilization of available water resources. Additionally, public awareness campaigns and educational programs are fostering a culture of water conservation among residents and businesses alike, emphasizing the collective responsibility towards safeguarding this precious resource for future generations.

Revolutionizing Waste Disposal: From Landfills to Circular Economy

The management of solid waste presents another critical environmental challenge for Delhi. Historically, the city has grappled with inefficient waste disposal practices, leading to the proliferation of landfills and associated environmental hazards. In contrast to developed nations where advanced waste management technologies and recycling programs are commonplace, Delhi has lagged behind, with a significant proportion of its waste ending up in landfills, contributing to air and water pollution as well as greenhouse gas emissions.

To address these issues, Delhi is undertaking comprehensive reforms in waste management, with a shift towards a circular economy approach. This entails minimizing waste generation, maximizing resource recovery through recycling and composting, and promoting sustainable consumption patterns. Integrated waste management systems, including segregation at source and decentralized processing facilities, are being implemented to reduce the burden on landfills and mitigate environmental impacts.

Policy initiatives such as extended producer responsibility (EPR) and incentives for waste-to-energy projects are incentivizing businesses and industries to adopt sustainable practices and contribute to the circular economy framework. Moreover, public-private partnerships are being forged to leverage technological innovations and best practices from global leaders in waste management, aiming to achieve zero waste and enhance environmental quality in Delhi.

Embracing Green Initiatives: Urban Forestry and Sustainable Land Use

Amidst Delhi’s concrete jungle, the integration of green spaces and urban forestry emerges as a pivotal strategy in enhancing environmental resilience and mitigating the urban heat island effect. Green areas not only provide natural habitats for biodiversity but also act as carbon sinks, absorbing pollutants and reducing ambient temperatures. Recognizing these benefits, Delhi’s master plan emphasizes the expansion of green belts, parks, and urban forests as integral components of sustainable urban development.

Despite delays in official notifications and implementation challenges, efforts to enhance green cover are gaining momentum through community-driven initiatives and government interventions. Urban planning strategies prioritize the creation of green corridors, biodiversity hotspots, and pedestrian-friendly landscapes that promote physical and mental well-being among residents. Additionally, initiatives like vertical gardens, rooftop greening, and tree plantation drives are fostering a culture of environmental stewardship and enhancing the aesthetic appeal of urban spaces.

National Commitments and Global Imperatives: Aligning Delhi’s Agenda with Climate Goals

Delhi’s environmental aspirations are intertwined with India’s broader commitments on the global stage, particularly in light of the Paris Agreement and subsequent climate accords. During COP-26, India pledged to achieve net-zero emissions by 2070, underscoring the nation’s resolve to mitigate climate change impacts and transition towards a low-carbon economy. However, the discrepancy in timelines compared to global counterparts necessitates accelerated action and alignment of policies at the national and local levels.

To bridge this gap, Delhi is aligning its urban planning strategies with national climate goals, focusing on energy efficiency, renewable energy integration, and sustainable transport solutions. Initiatives such as electric vehicle infrastructure, green building certifications, and climate-resilient infrastructure are being prioritized to reduce carbon footprints and enhance urban sustainability. Moreover, collaborative platforms involving policymakers, researchers, and civil society stakeholders are facilitating knowledge sharing and fostering innovation in climate adaptation and mitigation strategies.

Lessons from Successful Initiatives: Scaling Up and Replicating Best Practices

Delhi draws inspiration from successful environmental initiatives implemented across India, such as Telangana’s “Harita Haram” and Gujarat’s solar power expansion programs. These initiatives exemplify the transformative impact of targeted interventions and community engagement in achieving environmental sustainability goals. By scaling up proven practices and replicating successful models, Delhi aims to leverage local expertise and innovation to address complex environmental challenges effectively.

Lessons learned from these initiatives underscore the importance of political will, institutional capacity building, and stakeholder engagement in driving sustainable urban development. Collaborative governance frameworks that foster partnerships between government agencies, private sector entities, and civil society organizations are instrumental in overcoming barriers to implementation and ensuring the long-term success of environmental initiatives in Delhi.

The Path Forward: Coordinated Action and Stakeholder Engagement

As Delhi navigates the complexities of urbanization and environmental stewardship, the path forward hinges on coordinated action, robust governance structures, and inclusive stakeholder engagement. Strengthening institutional capacities, enhancing regulatory frameworks, and mainstreaming environmental considerations into urban planning processes are critical imperatives for achieving sustainable development goals by 2041.

Delhi’s journey towards environmental resilience requires a paradigm shift towards holistic urban planning that integrates water management, waste reduction, and green infrastructure development. By embracing innovation, fostering partnerships, and prioritizing community participation, Delhi can emerge as a global leader in sustainable urban development, setting a precedent for cities worldwide to emulate in their pursuit of a greener and more livable future.

The environmental challenges facing Delhi in 2041 demand bold and decisive action to safeguard natural resources, enhance resilience to climate impacts, and improve quality of life for all residents. By adopting a comprehensive approach that addresses water scarcity, revolutionizes waste management practices, embraces green initiatives, and aligns with global climate goals, Delhi can pave the way for sustainable urban development. With unwavering commitment and collective effort, Delhi has the potential to transform into a model city where environmental sustainability and urban prosperity go hand in hand, ensuring a brighter and more sustainable future for generations to come.